How to change the sand in a pool sand filter
Change pool sand filter

A pool sand filter is a common type of pool filter used to remove dirt, debris, and other impurities from the water in a swimming pool. It works by passing water through a bed of sand, which acts as a filter, trapping and removing the particles from the water.

With prolonged use, the debris and contaminants in the pool can cause the sand filter to clog, leading to a decrease in its efficiency.

These contaminants can be reduced by regular Backwashing of the filter. Backwashing the pool filter involves reversing the flow of water through the filter, which dislodges and flushes out the trapped particles, making the filter more efficient.

While backwashing the pool filter is a great way to remove trapped particles from the filter, it doesn't solve all the problems.

Over time, the sand in the filter will begin to wear down and become smooth, reducing the filter's effectiveness. Eventually, the sand will need to be changed to maintain optimal filtration performance. Typically, sand in a pool filter should be changed every 1 to 2 years, depending on how frequently the pool is used and the amount of debris that accumulates in the filter.

When it's time to change the sand in the pool filter, the process involves removing the old sand and replacing it with new high-quality pool filter sand.

Pool filter sand Adding new sand to filter

It's important to follow the manufacturer's instructions when changing the sand, as the process can vary depending on the type of filter and the amount of sand involved. It's also essential to ensure that the sand is properly graded and sized for use in a pool filter, as using the wrong type of sand can cause damage to the filter and reduce its effectiveness.

Replacing the sand in your pool filter is a straightforward process that can be completed within a few hours by following the below steps.

1. Turn off the Pump and Drain the Filter

Before you begin, turn off the pool pump and any other equipment connected to the filter. Next, open the air relief valve on top of the filter and remove the pressure gauge. This will release the pressure inside the filter and allow you to drain the water. You can either drain the filter directly into a drain or use a hose to direct the water away from the pool.

2. Remove the Filter Head

Once the filter is drained, remove the filter head from the top of the filter. This is usually held in place by bolts or screws, so you will need to use a wrench or screwdriver to remove them. Once the bolts are removed, lift the filter head off the top of the filter and set it aside.

3. Remove the Sand

With the filter head removed, you can now access the sand inside the filter. Use a scoop or small bucket to remove the sand and place it in a wheelbarrow or other container for disposal. Be careful not to damage any of the internal components of the filter.

4. Clean the Pool Filter

After removing the sand, give the filter tank a thorough rinse using a hose to eliminate any remaining debris or sand. It's important to inspect the laterals at the bottom of the tank for any cracks or damage, and if required, replace them with new ones.

5. Add New Sand

Once the filter is clean and all of the old sand has been removed, it's time to add new sand. The amount of sand needed will depend on the size of your filter, so refer to the manufacturer's instructions for guidance. Add the sand slowly and evenly, and cover the laterals at the bottom of the filter tank so that they will not be damaged.

Cover lateral New sand

6. Attach the filter

Reattach the filter head and use bolts or screws to secure it in place. Then, replace the pressure gauge and close the air relief valve. Double-check that all connections are tight and secure to ensure proper operation.

7. Restart the Pump and Check for Leaks

Now that the filter is reassembled, turn the pool pump back on and check for any leaks. Let the pump run for a few minutes to ensure that everything is working correctly. Check the pressure gauge to ensure that the pressure is within the recommended range for your filter.

Maintaining a clean and healthy pool is a top priority for any pool owner, and one essential step is to regularly change the sand in the pool sand filter. While this may seem daunting, it is a simple process that most pool owners can accomplish. By adhering to the manufacturer's instructions and taking care not to harm any internal filter parts, you can guarantee that your pool filter operates at maximum efficiency, resulting in a clean and healthy swimming environment.